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Written by : Lupe Psomiades
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welcome back to the accessible art history youtube channel for today's video i have another edition of my art history comparison series personally i love creating these videos because i find them valuable to understanding the difference between the major art movements this time around it's all about the differences between impressionism and post-impressionism these two movements while similar in some aspects did have some different goals so to learn more then keep on watching before we dive into the differences let's take a minute to understand the history and motivations behind each movement in 1874 a group of artists called the anonymous society of painters sculptors printmakers etc organized an exhibition in paris we're taking a stand against the all-powerful salon expedition put on by the academy debo art this was considered the ultimate authority in france and even abroad throughout europe claude monet edgar degas and camille passaro rebelled and they wanted art to become something more democratic together they organized eight exhibitions between 1874 and 1886. although they didn't consider themselves to be a literal group certix did group them together however the more conservative art critics rejected this new style citing it as ugly with an unfinished quality it's important to note that these artists did not name the movement themselves in fact it was given by critics after the debut of monet's work impression sunrise today impressionism remains one of the most popular art movements in history in the late 1880s some artists decided to break away from the popularity of the impressionist movement paul gogan george serra vincent van gogh and paul cezanne to name a few began to experiment with how work of art can evoke emotion color played a major part in this idea something i'll discuss later in this video like the impressionists before them these artists did not see themselves as a cohesive group or movement however many of them were friends and they did bounce ideas off of each other this is yet another way we see art trending towards a more modern perspective and also like its predecessor post impressionism remains incredibly popular with audiences today alright now that we've established some historical background it's time to dive into the major differences between the two movements the first one i'm going to discuss is the use of light and color impressionists sought to use light to manipulate their work while post-impressionists focus more on color two great examples of this are monet's royal cathedral series and a sunday on lagrange by sora in his cathedral series monet would go to the same place near the building at different times of day and at different points during the year by creating a static setting he could understand how the changing light would affect both the color and texture of the stone cathedral this created different impressions for the viewer see what he did there sara on the other hand tried to achieve a unique effect by manipulating color he developed a technique called pointillism instead of brush strokes to use dots or points of different colors close up this looks quite strange but as the viewer steps back their eyes mix the colors together and the scene begins to unfold all of a sudden we see a beautiful sunny day at a parisian park this next difference marks the major divide between impressionism and post-impressionism the motivation behind impressionism was to create the impression of a moment this idea rose out of the previous period realism during that time the harsh reality of life was captured one fantastic example of this idea is the luncheon of the boating party by renoir using bright light and broad brushstrokes the artist captured the vevacity of a group of young people enjoying an outdoor lunch this work is a snapshot of a fleeting moment in time however for the post-impressionist their main goal was to use color that would reflect the emotion of the scene and have a viewer experience it for themselves we can see this in the night cafe by vincent van gogh this work takes place at a cafe in france that the artist himself even frequented those jarring colors and sketched in lines make the viewer feel slightly uncomfortable this was a deliberate choice of the artist because the cafe was frequented by people who had nowhere else to go it's amazing what a few brush brokes can make a person feel although the post impressionists are more famous for their use of color the impressionists do have their own hallmark for example take monet's water lilies the artist chose to use light natural colors with just a hint of pastel hue it could almost be a snapshot of what he was seeing while painting color was important but it was only one element of the work now let's look at when will you marry by gogong although it takes place outside the colors are more deep and saturated than what would be found in nature in this case gogan is using color to tell the story of his time in tahiti it plays a large and incredibly important role in this work impressionism and post-impressionism are two popular movements that started our concept of modern art as with all these comparison videos i'm not trying to show that one is better than the other simply how different and styles evolve from each other foreign
Thanks for your comment Galina Jeans, have a nice day.
- Lupe Psomiades, Staff Member
impressionist paintings are among the most loved and celebrated artworks of all time but what is Impressionism and who were the great impressionist artists Impressionism is perhaps one of the most identifiable and famous art movements of history often referred to as the first modern movement it was born in April 1874 when a group of young artists defied the official Paris salon by setting up their own independent exhibition including works by Claude Monet Pierre Auguste Renoir Camille Pissarro Edgar Degas and Bert Morrison it became known as the first impressionist exhibition the impressionist work was characterized by loosened brushwork and lightened palettes including pure entails colors the abandoned traditional linear perspective and often avoided the clarity of form for this reason many critics faulted impressionist paintings for their unfinished appearance and seemingly amateurish quality collectively the Impressionists sought to capture the impression of a scene through lively brushstrokes and they often worked on plein air producing works of art rapidly in a single setting rejecting the salons preference for historical or allegorical subjects they created instead what Monique owned is spontaneous work rather than a calculated one in the 1870s many of the impressionist painters were predominantly attracted to landscape searching for ways to capture the fruiting effects of light weather and time of day on canvas by the 1880s artists with beyond landscapes Renoir turned towards finger-painting Monique Anne centered visual perspective in a more abstract way through see reality and repetition and Digger pursuit female figures yet each retained the distinctive rapid brushstrokes fresh colors and sense of internal light unique to impression as much like the French realists changing per se in life and the reality of the modern city was a recurring theme for many Impressionists who painted cafe scenes will we prodigies and busy boulevards although the group was dominated by man several female artists also rose to prominence including motor sue and kiss act when the first impressionist exhibition was held in 1874 burke Moroso joined the group and agreed never again to send work to the salon motor soul was a faithful exhibitor at all eight impressionist exhibitions from 1874 to 1886 like the other impressionist painters she was preoccupied by capturing light but she also used broad strokes of color that echo what she had observed and Manny's work as the first modern art movement Impressionism had a significant impact on subsequent artists and movements with artists like Vincent van Gogh and Edward Munk among those influenced more recent influences include the important pop artist Roy Lichtenstein who paid homage to Moniz waterlily paintings the aesthetic qualities of Impressionism can be seen widely through its ubiquitous popularity and impact on our culture today you
Thanks dormosakom your participation is very much appreciated
- Lupe Psomiades
About the author
I've studied urban anthropology at Bryan College in Dayton and I am an expert in animal communications. I usually feel geeky. My previous job was dentist (md) I held this position for 2 years, I love talking about reiki and eclipse chasing. Huge fan of Oscar Wilde I practice synchronized swimming and collect steiff teddy bears.
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